Guyana

guyana

 

Also known as:

Land of Many Waters (Root: Guiana (Carib)

Motto:

One People, One Nation, One Destiny

Location:

On the northern coast of the South American continent bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the north, Brazil to the southwest, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the northwest.

History:

Guyana was originally inhabited by Amerindians. It was settled by the Dutch in the 16th century and changed hands between the Dutch, British and French from the late 16th to early 19th century, and was finally ceded to Britain in 1814. Independence was achieved in 1966 and the Cooperative Republic of Guyana established in 1970.

Status:

Cooperative Republic. Independence - 26 May 1966; Republic - 23 February 1970

Capital:

Georgetown

Area:

216,970 km2 (83,000 square miles)

Population:

751,400 (2004)

Currency:

Guyana Dollar

Airport:

Cheddi Jagan International

Date of joining CARICOM:

1 August 1973

 

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